A lot of scientific works have been written about the mutational changes in the voice of boys, although this phenomenon is quite ordinary. The change in voice timbre occurs during the growth of the vocal apparatus. The larynx initially increases significantly in size, with the thyroid cartilage leaning forward. The vocal folds are lengthened, and the larynx goes down. In this regard, anatomical changes in the organs of vocation. If we talk about voice mutations in boys, then unlike girls, everything goes more pronounced with them.
The mechanism of breaking the voice of boys
As mentioned earlier, voice changes occur by increasing the larynx during growth. However, during puberty the larynx increases by 70% in young men, unlike girls, the vocal tube, which only doubles.
The process of breaking the voice of boys includes three main stages:
- Pre-switching period.
This stage manifests itself as the preparation of the organism for the restructuring of the voice apparatus. If we talk about the spoken voice, then there may be a breakdown of the voice, hoarseness, cough, unpleasant tricking. The singing voice is more informative in this case: the breakdown of the voice when taking the extreme notes of the youth’s range, unpleasant sensations in the larynx during vocal lessons, “dirty” intonation, voice loss also occurs. At the first bells, it is necessary to stop classes, since this period requires the rest of the vocal apparatus.
This stage is characterized by laryngeal edema, as well as excessive or insufficient mucus secretion. These factors cause inflammation, thus the surface of the ligaments acquires a characteristic color. Overstrain can lead to wheezing and, as a consequence, "uncoupling of the vocal folds." Therefore, during this period, it is worthwhile to pay attention to voice hygiene, including the prevention of colds and viral diseases. There is instability of the voice, sound distortion, as well as the characteristic hoarseness. When singing, the voltage of the vocal apparatus is observed, especially when jumping to wide intervals. Therefore, in the classroom it is worthwhile to lean towards singing-chanting exercises, and not works.
- Post-mutation period.
Like any other process, the voice mutation in boys does not have a clear end boundary. Despite the final formation, overwork and tension of the ligaments can be observed. During this period there is a consolidation of the changes. The voice gains a fixed timbre and strength. However, the stage is dangerous because of its instability.
Features mutations in boys
Signs of breaking the voice in young men are more noticeable and this is due, primarily, to the fact that the male voice is, in fact, much lower than the female one. Mutation period proceeds in a short time. There are cases when it happens almost instantly. However, in most cases, the restructuring of the body is delayed for several months. Just yesterday, boyish treble can turn into a tenor, baritone or powerful bass. It all depends on genetically incorporated indicators. Some young men undergo significant changes, while others - the transition to the adult voice is not expressed in vivid contrast.
Mutation of the voice in boys most often occurs in 12-14 years. However, to focus on this age as the norm is not worth it. There are many factors that can affect both the start date and the duration of the process.
Firstly, the natural climate undoubtedly affects. Conducted studies have shown that in different climatic conditions, the process of "growing up" the voice occurs in different ways, and the age of adjustment ranges from 11 to 20 years.Secondly, the genetic factor. Initially incorporated into the body installation can not be changed.Thirdly, the mechanical factor. That is, the restructuring may be disrupted for any reason. They can be, for example, violations of the vocal apparatus, somatic diseases.
Hygiene singing voice in the period of mutation in boys
Mutation of a singing voice is a complex process that requires a lot of attention from teachers of vocals or phoniatrics accompanying the learning process. Measures for the protection and hygiene of the voice should be carried out in an integrated manner, with their beginning should fall on the pre-switching period. This will avoid disturbances in the development of voice, both on the physical and mechanical levels.
Vocations should be conducted sparingly. However, during this period it is better to abandon individual lessons, since such studies are designed for the comprehensive development of voice data. And during the period of breaking the voice in boys, any overstrain of ligaments is prohibited. However, there is an alternative - it is choral activities and ensembles. As a rule, young men are given a light batch, the range of which does not exceed the fifth, often in a small octave. All these conditions are not valid in the event that the process is accompanied by periodic disruptions of voice, wheeze or instability of unison pronunciations.
Mutation in young men - the process is undoubtedly complex, but with the right approach and compliance with the postulates of voice protection and hygiene, you can “survive” it without consequences and with use.